To taste the true flavor of your wine, it is imperative to choose the right wine glass. In general, white wine glasses are smaller than red wine glasses. This is because red wine requires a larger bowl to release aroma.
White wine glasses tend to be more U-shaped and have smaller bowls. This allows the glass to retain a cooler temperature while preserving the aroma, especially the floral notes. However if you are drinking full-bodied whites such as a white Burgundy or Meursault, try to go for a larger and rounder bowl, like the Montrachet glass, so you can smell the complex aromas.
You can also serve rosés with white wine glasses. The two wines are produced in similar fashion so it works out and helps you save some money without you having to purchase a new set of wine glasses.
Red wine glasses usually have fuller round bowls with a large opening. This enables the drinker to dip his nose inside the glass to pick up the aroma of the wine. The larger surface area also increases the oxidation rate, enhancing the complex wine flavors while mitigating the tannin as well as bitterness or spiciness, thus allowing you to taste a smoother red wine.
Bolder reds like Bordeaux blends and Cabernet Franc should ideally be served in large Bordeaux-style wine glasses, where a larger surface area can allow the ethanol in the wine to evaporate. Lighter red wine with delicate flavor can be served in a Bourgogne glass because the round bowl is ideal for collecting aromas. This is great for your Pinot Noir, Gamay and Valpolicella.
When it comes to bubbly, flutes are the preferred glassware. Narrow and tall, this specific wine glass perfectly retains the carbonation in champagnes and sparkling wines, effectively capturing the flavor.
Another specialty wine glass you should consider owning would be Port glass. The small size and narrow mouth will reduce evaporation so the aroma of the Port wine can be concentrated. This can also double up as a wine glass for other dessert wines!